Painkillers: How to choose the right one for your symptoms.

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Pain is a symptom that creates both physical and mental suffering. People with these symptoms may experience pain in the same area over and over. The cause of the pain is
It can occur for many reasons.

When pain occurs, our body has various mechanisms in place to reduce the pain. However, if there is severe pain, it is necessary to receive painkillers to relieve the symptoms. When symptoms occur, fever, headache, pain in the body starting from the muscles, joints, spreading to the bones What painkillers do you usually use. observes different pain characteristics. That will help you choose the right medicine and take it correctly. To solve the root cause of the pain correctly.


Paracetamol works to relieve mild to moderate pain. It is a common household medicine that we are all very familiar with. It’s often the first choice. That pops up in the minds of most patients when they have a headache, fever, and fear. Report by ufabet


  • Do not take medicine before you have a fever.
  • Do not drink alcohol together.
  • Do not overdose. Adults should take 10-15 milligrams apart every 4 hours per 1 kilogram of body weight and not more than 4,000 milligrams or 8 tablets per day.
  • Do not use continuously for more than 5 days. If symptoms do not improve, you should see a doctor.


  • If you have abnormal liver function Always consult a doctor before using medicine.
  • Do not use the medicine in people who are allergic to paracetamol. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include a rash, tightness in the chest, and difficulty breathing.
  • If you take an overdose of paracetamol, you will experience nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and sweating. If symptoms are severe, there may be signs of liver failure. Blood tests reveal enzymes indicating liver injury, lethargy, confusion, and death.

Muscle Relaxant.

This group of drugs is a drug that must be prescribed by a doctor or pharmacist only. Works to reduce tightness, spasms, and muscle spasms. Or as the locals call it collectively that the symptoms are tight This is because when a traditional masseuse touches the acupressure points, you will feel that the muscles are stiff and tense.

It is often found in people of working age who use their muscles heavily, use them in the wrong position, or stay in the same position for a long time. Therefore, they experience shoulder pain, neck pain, back pain, and feel bruised all over their body. Until having to use muscle relaxants to help relieve pain It can only help reduce mild to moderate pain caused by muscle tightness. But it cannot reduce pain caused by other causes. It is most often used in acute muscle pain. When symptoms improve, you should stop using the medicine immediately. and should not be used continuously for a long period of time


  • After taking the medicine, do not do work that requires high concentration. control machinery or drive a vehicle Because this group of drugs makes you drowsy and you may fall asleep. Causing accidents during work
  • Do not use in patients with muscle weakness.

Side effects and allergic reactions

  • Dazed and drowsy
  • dry mouth and throat
  • constipation

Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID, Non-steroidal anti inflammatory)

This group of drugs is a drug that must be prescribed by a doctor or pharmacist only. Helps relieve moderate to severe muscle pain. It works to reduce inflammation in various organs in the body after an accident with bruises, pain, swelling, or symptoms of tendon inflammation, arthritis, or degenerative joint disease. It can also be used to reduce fever, relieve headaches, and menstrual pain.


  • Do not use in pregnant women.
  • Do not use in patients with gastritis. or those with ulcers in the digestive system
  • Do not take ‘Antibiotic’ instead of ‘Anti-inflammatory’ because they are not the same medicine. But people are often confused by the name. Actually, disinfectants are ‘antibiotics’ used to kill bacteria. Unable to stop inflammation of tendons, joints, and muscles. And disinfectants should not be used indiscriminately because drug resistance will develop. Conversely, you should not take antibiotics instead of antibiotics either.
  • Do not use in patients with heart disease. or those at risk of heart disease It may be used in low doses and for short periods of time. It is under the control of a doctor only.
  • Do not use in patients with kidney disease.

Side effects and allergic reactions

  • Drowsiness, dizziness, headache, ringing in the ears, runny nose, sore throat, often found in people who have overdosed.
  • Rash, itching, peeling skin, swollen face and eyelids if allergic to the drug.
  • Edema or weight gain
  • Biting the stomach, causing ulcers and bleeding in the digestive tract.
  • Abdominal pain due to irritation in the digestive tract 
  • Nausea, vomiting blood and defecate black
  • Elevated liver enzyme values Hepatitis has occurred.
  • Using this group of drugs, even in the short term, may cause blood pressure to rise. and have kidney problems Therefore, blood pressure and kidney function must be monitored.